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When (and where) to see the best fall colours around the province.

Each September, New Brunswick’s landscape goes into fall party mode. A riot of colours celebrates the changing seasons, and it’s pretty spectacular. If you’ve never seen it, imagine Mother Nature taking all the fire colours from a crayon box and going wild on the treetops, the sand dunes, the farmers’ fields... but leaving just enough evergreen to really make things pop.

One of many shades of red
One of many shades of red
If you’re planning to visit us this fall for a leaf-peeping trip, remember one thing: it’s all about timing.

Late September and early October tend to showcase the best colours, but the timing will vary by region. There’s a north/south variation, with the northern areas (Appalachian Mountains, upper Saint John River Valley, Miramichi region) producing colour one to two weeks before the south (Bay of Fundy, lower Saint John River Valley, lower parts of the Acadian coast).

The colour is also affected by variations in topography and tree species growing in valleys, mid-slope and ridge tops. At other times of the year these are usually subtle differences, but come fall they make a stunning ice cream sundae of colour.

Fundy Trail Parkway suspension footbridge
Fundy Trail Parkway suspension footbridge

To understand how this explosion of colour happens, let’s put on our science hat for a sec...

New Brunswick is primarily located in the Acadian Forest Region, which fosters a blend of boreal (predominantly softwood) and deciduous (mostly hardwood) forests. Together these make for one heck of a show. One of the most vibrant is the sugar maple, which grows abundantly in maple syrup producing regions like Saint-Quentin, Atlantic Canada’s maple capital.

During the growing season, chlorophyll is continually being produced and synthesized, which causes the leaves to remain green. As summer turns to fall, night length increases, which causes chlorophyll production to slow down and eventually stop altogether. The carotenoids and anthocyanins that are present in the leaf are then unmasked... and voilà! There’s your colour.

Cycling Trails in the Fall, Fredericton
Cycling Fredericton's trails in the fall

 

To see some serious fall foliage, take a road trip in those regions:

Appalachian Mountain region

Colours will start to form in the mountainous Appalachian region earliest, around the second week of September. Peak colour is also going to hit here first—usually around the last week of September. It’s one of the most spectacular area to enjoy fall colours as far as the eye can see from the top of the province’s highest mountains.

🍂 Explore fall colours on the Appalachian Outpost Road Trip

Mount Sugarloaf and the city of Campbellton
Mount Sugarloaf and the city of Campbellton

Saint John River Valley

The brightest colours will emerge on the upper portion of the Saint John River Valley not long after the Appalachian region. Peak colours typically occur around the first weekend of October. The southern river valley—closer to the Bay of Fundy—is going to peak a bit later, around a week or so.

🍂 Explore fall colours on the Rides & Welcomes, Hops & Harvest and Ferries & Farms road trips

Cycling along the St. John (Wolastoq) river in Fredericton
Cycling along the Saint John (Wolastoq) river in Fredericton

Miramichi River Valley

Similar to the upper Saint John River Valley, colours begin to emerge in mid-September, with the brightest colours typically hitting around the first week of October. Perfect for a fishing or ATV trip in the crisp autumn air against a colourful and scenic backdrop.

🍂 Explore fall colours on the Miramichi River Road Trip

Fall fishing on the Miramichi River Miramichi River Valley
Fall fishing on the Miramichi River Miramichi River Valley

Acadian Coast

This region offers a unique fall colour experience due to the blanket of peat bogs on Miscou Island. Their scarlet colour emerges late September or early October and lasts for a couple of weeks. The sea grasses and coastal flora on the rest of the coast begin to turn golden in late September, getting continually darker into the fall.

🍂 Explore fall colours on the Acadian Shores Road Trip

The spectacular red bogs of Miscou Island Acadian coast
The spectacular red bogs of Miscou Island Acadian coast

Bay of Fundy region

Pulling up the rear on fall colour is the Bay of Fundy region. It’s going to start to show colour latest—peaking around Thanksgiving weekend—but it makes up for the late arrival with a gorgeous rainbow of colour.

🍂 Explore fall colours on the Fundy Coast and Hub City road trips

Fundy National Park
Fundy National Park

 

Hit the road to find the best of the colours New Brunswick has to offer this autumn. If you capture some awesome fall photos during your travels on the roads of the province, tag them #ExploreNB to share them with us.

🍂 🍁🍂